A Tihanyi alapítólevél személynevei III.

Személynevek és helynevek kapcsolata

  • Rudolf Szentgyörgyi ELTE Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem
Kulcsszavak: Tihanyi alapítólevél, oklevél, személynevek, személynevekből keletkezett helynevek, hagionima, szentek, patrocínium, helységnevek, névtani terminológia, középkor, történeti névkutatás


Personal names in the Foundation Deed of Tihany Abbey Part 3: Relations between personal names and place names


The 1055 Foundation Deed of Tihany Abbey, a precious linguistic record of the Hungarian language, includes several Hungarian place names and personal names inserted into the Latin text of the charter. Research in the last decade has primarily focused on the place names of the deed, thus a modern day analysis of the relevant personal names is yet to be realised. The paper, surveying the personal names and the place names derived from personal names in the charter, intends to demonstrate that the different types of personal names (i.e. anthroponyms, hagionyms and theonyms) were included in toponyms as a result of seemingly similar tendencies in name giving and name use (based on the person’s role as a spiritual or real possessor) in the Old Hungarian period. Similarity can also be observed in the fact that both of these aspects could be expressed in grammatical forms either with or without a suffix. A comparison of the two subtypes reveals a minor distinction: while suffixless toponyms derived from the name of a patron saint, referring to spiritual ownership, can be found in several other languages, suffixless place names indicating real, factual possession indicate characteristically Hungarian name giving practices. The early name stock of the charter also attests that the practice of giving suffixless toponyms indicating possession can be traced to previous name giving strategies in the Hungarian language, thus its origins are not in the spread of the systematic use of place names referring to the patron saint of the settlement.

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