A Tihanyi alapítólevél személynevei I.

Középkori okleveleink teonimái

  • Rudolf Szentgyörgyi ELTE Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem
Kulcsszavak: Tihanyi alapítólevél, teonima, Isten neve, oklevél, középkor, történeti személynévkutatás


Personal names in the Deed of Foundation of Tihany Abbey I. Theonyms in Hungarian medieval charters  


Research into the Deed of Foundation of Tihany Abbey (1055) has definitely been flourishing these days: several studies and two monographs (Zelliger 2005, 20112, Hoffmann 2010) have recently been published to commemorate the 950th anniversary of its formulation. Inquiries have produced significant new results primarily for the history of the Hungarian language and historical name studies in connection with the toponyms in the Deed; the personal names in this charter have not, however, provoked much research interest so far. A series of studies introduced by the present paper is going to be devoted to personal names. – This paper deals with theonyms appearing in medieval Hungarian charters, including the Deed of Foundation of Tihany Abbey. Not every aspect of this survey is connected directly to the text of the Deed; still, all are needed to cast light on the characteristics of the use of other name types in its text. – The main conclusions of the paper: 1. Theonyms are consistently inserted into the texts of the observed charters in Latin. 2. Their instances are Latin until they become separated semantically and functionally from their original denotata. 3. The mere functional separation often leads to translation into Latin in name use, which, consequently, is “back-translation” with respect to theonyms. 4. These tendencies become important factors in determining the systematic linguistic relations which, among other things, strictly link medieval ecclesiastic and official name use together. The paper also discusses the connection between ecclesiastic liturgy and patrociny naming.

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