Citations guideline

Follow the Harvard system!

Normal research articles
authors’ names and initials, year of publication (in parentheses), colon, the title of the article, en dash, the full name of the journal, the volume (in bold), and the first and last pages of the article (separated by an en dash), DOI number (e.g. (check DOI numbers at https://doi.cross­, e.g.

Author names must be written in sᴍᴀʟʟ ᴄᴀᴘs.

Wɪᴋʟᴜɴᴅ, C. G. & Aɴᴅᴇʀssᴏɴ, M. (1994): Natural selection of colony size in a passerine bird. – Journal of Animal Ecology 63: 765–774.

For books and book chapters: author name(s), date of publication (in parentheses), colon, title, edition, en dash, publisher’s name, the place of publication and page reference, e.g.

Hɪɴᴛᴏɴ, H. E. (1981): Biology of insect eggs. Vol. 2. – Pergamon Press, New York, 234 pp. or

Pᴀᴘᴘ, L. & Sᴄʜᴜᴍᴀɴɴ, H. (2000): Key to families – adults. Pp. 163–200. In: Pᴀᴘᴘ, L. & Dᴀʀᴠᴀs, B. (eds): Contributions to a manual of Palaearctic Diptera. Vol. 1. General and applied dipterology. – Science Herald, Budapest.

References to papers 'in press' must indicate that the article has been accepted for publication. The DOI identifier must be included as a clickable link. References to papers in preparation or submitted are not permitted. Reproducibility must be maintained.

In the text, references should be given as Rᴏɴᴋᴀʏ and Fɪʙɪɢᴇʀ (1993), or (Rᴏɴᴋᴀʏ & Fɪʙɪɢᴇʀ, 1993; Pᴀᴘᴘ, 1995), Mᴀʀsʜᴀʟʟ (1992), or (Mᴀʀsʜᴀʟʟ, 1992). When a citation includes more than two authors, e.g., Gʀᴇʏ, Bʟᴀᴄᴋ, and Wʜɪᴛᴇ, the paper should be referred to in the text as Gʀᴇʏ et al., provided that this is not ambiguous. If papers by the same author(s) in the same year are cited, they should be distinguished by the italic letters, a, b, c, etc., e.g., Mᴀʀsʜᴀʟʟ (1992a). Author names must be written in sᴍᴀʟʟ ᴄᴀᴘs in the text as well.

Internet reference

The internet is an important source of information. The clarity and reproducibility of articles should also be ensured when using internet sources. Since websites do not guarantee the permanent availability of the content displayed on the website, it is necessary to choose a service that ensures the readability of the referenced content in the long term. It is not sufficient for the author to make a backup on their own computer; the content of the page must also be made readable to the readers of the article. This can be done, for example, using the Wayback system.

To use the link, we paste the URL of the page to be saved into the "Save Page Now" field and click the "Save Page" button. We wait for the system to save the page. By pasting the searched link into the search field, we retrieve the saved page, the command line link of which can be copied into the references. We make the link clickable.


Ansede, Manuel (2023. June 04): A researcher who publishes a study every two days reveals the darker side of science - acessed on 2024. May. 05. Permanent link:*/