A Pécs környéki szénbányászat épített környezetének nevei

  • Krisztina Szabó
Kulcsszavak: helynevek, szénbányászat, aknák neve, Pécs


Names indicating the man-made environment of the coal-mining district in the neighbourhood of Pécs (south-western Hungary)  


The paper discusses the names indicating the elements of the man-made environment established after 1848 in the coal-mining district neighbouring the town of Pécs. Names for shafts, galleries and mine premises are analysed in a functional-semantic framework. With respect to the three types of names, names for shafts should be considered as the most characteristic type, as names for galleries and mine premises are often derived from shaft names. Direct motivation is common in all three name types: names for shafts often refer to a person, whilst galleries and mine premises usually take their names from an establishment. The lack of direct relationship between the specific name constituent and the designated denotatum can mostly be observed in the case of shaft names. One third of the names for galleries are of uncertain origin, and only a single name for a mine premise has a blurred function. Names of commemorating function are frequent in case of names for shafts and mine premises, but are lacking in case of names for galleries (as galleries are usually used for a short period of time). Mine premises, often functioning up to the present day, long after the mines were closed down, were not named after their characteristics at all, and do not bear names of conventional function either. Names indicating the type of the denotatum are extremely rare: in the observed name corpus this function can only be exemplified by a single name for a gallery.

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