Legal frame for the succession/transfer of agricultural property between the generations and the acquisition of agricultural property by legal persons – in Poland

  • Artur Kubaj Agricultural System Structuring Unit, Department of Land Affairs, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
Keywords: agricultural property, legal persons, acquisition, succession, transfer, generation change, young farmer, Poland


The article presents the most important rules concerning the transfer and inheritance of agricultural real estate in Poland, as well as the rules for the acquisition of such real estate by legal persons. In the part concerning the transfer of agricultural property, the methods and principles of acquisition agricultural property (including inheritance) by young farmers are indicated. In particular, the author focused on showing the facilities that favor the generational change in Poland. In the section on the acquisition of agricultural real estate by legal entities, the reader can find information about the conditions for such acquisition by entities from outside Poland. In particular, restrictions have been indicated, and the procedure for acquisition real estate has also been discussed.


1. European Commission (2017) Commission interpretative communication on the law on the acquisition of agricultural land and European Union law, in: [07.10.2020]
2. European Commission (2020) Young people in farming, in: [07.10.2020]
3. Krajowy Ośrodek Wsparcia Rolnictwa (2020), Zbiorcze Sprawozdanie okresowe z działalności KOWR w okresie od 01.01-30.06.2020, Warsaw.
4. Ministerstwo Rolnictwa i Rozwoju Wsi (2019), Materiał dla Ambasady Węgier w Polsce na temat wymiany pokoleniowej w rolnictwie, Warsaw.
5. Ministerstwo Rolnictwa i Rozwoju Wsi (2020), Diagnoza sektora rolno-spożywczego
i obszarów wiejskich w Polsce przygotowana dla potrzeb opracowania Planu Strategicznego Wspólnej Polityki Rolnej na lata 2021-2027, Warsaw.
6. Poczta W ed. (2013) Gospodarstwa rolne w Polsce na tle gospodarstw Unii Europejskiej – wpływ WPR, Zakład Wydawnictw Statystycznych, Warsaw.