Looking for added value of milk products of autochthonous sheep breeds

  • Zsolt BECSKEI Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Snežana PASKAŠ Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia
  • Mila SAVIĆ Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia
  • Elmin TARIĆ Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia
  • András GÁSPÁRDY Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, University of Veterinary Medicine, Budapest, Hungary
  • Marija PAJIĆ Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia
  • Mladen RAŠETA Institute of Meat Hygiene and Technology, Belgrade, Serbia
  • Mariya LAZAROVA Department of Animal Husbandry - Ruminants and Dairy Farming, Faculty of Agriculture, Trakia University, Stara Zagora, Bulgaria
Keywords: sheep, autochthonous breed, added value product, sheep cheese


In order to determine the added value of the product, characterization of sheep milk and cheese samples from Sjenica sheep were assessed and compared to British milk sheep. The analyses were carried out according to standard chemical procedures. A comparative study showed that the milk from the Sjenica sheep was higher in fat and protein and had a lower casein/fat ratio. It also had higher total and somatic cell counts than British milk sheep. Sjenica cheese had significantly higher dry matter and fat content. However, both cheeses were classified as soft full-fat cheese with brine. The study showed that sheep's milk contains many essential components for cheesemaking and distinguishes sheep's cheese from other types of cheese, but standardisation of cheese production is still needed. To preserve the autochthonous sheep breeds of Serbia, promoting cheese production with added value is crucial and together with increased production could contribute to the sustainable development of rural areas.


BERARD, L. – MARCHENAY, P. (2006): Local products and geographical indications: taking into account of local knowledge and biodiversity. Cultural Diversity and Biodiversity. International Social Science Journal, 187:109-116. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2451.2006.00592.x

FILIPOVIĆ, J. (2019): Market-Oriented Sustainability of Sjenica Sheep Cheese. Sustainability 11, 834 http://doi.org/10.3390/su11030834

IDF (2008). International IDF Standard 222:2008 (Cheese and processed cheese products. Determination of Fat Content-Van Gulik method). IDF, Brussels, Belgium.

JANDRIĆ, M. – SAVIĆ, Ž. (2019): Influence of milk on the content and changes of milk fat during production of Sjenički white cheese. Agriculture and Forestry 65(4), 175-182. https://doi.org/10.17707/AgricultForest.65.4.15

KASAPIDOU, E. – BASDAGIANNI, Z. – PAPADOPOULOS, V. – KARAISKOU, C. – KESIDIS, A. – TSIOTSIAS, A. (2021): Effects of Intensive and Semi-Intensive Production on Sheep Milk Chemical Composition, Physicochemical Characteristics, Fatty Acid Profile, and Nutritional Indices. Animals11, 2578. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11092578

MERLIN JUNIOR, A.I. – COSTA, G.R. – DOS SANTOS, S.J. – LUDOVICO, A. (2015): Sheep milk: Physical-chemical characteristics and microbiological quality. Archivoslatino americanos de nutricion. 65, 3, 193-198.

PARK, Y.W.M. – JUÁREZ, M. – RAMOS, M. – HAENLEIN, G.F.W. (2007): Physico-chemical characteristics of goat and sheep milk, Small Ruminant Research 68, (1-2), 88-113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2006.09.013.

PASKAŠ, S. – MIOČINOVIĆ, J. – LOPIČIĆ-VASIĆ, T. – MUGOŠA, I. – PAJIĆ, M. – BECSKEI, Z. (2020): Consumer attitudes towards goat milk and milk products in Vojvodina. Mjekarstvo 70 (3), 171-183. https://doi.org/10.15567/mljekarstvo.2020.0304

POPOVIĆ-VRANJEŠ, A. – PASKAŠ, S. – KRSTOVIĆ, S. – JURAKIĆ, Ž. – JEŠIĆ, G. – STRUGAR, K. (2017): The production of hard cheese with added value from raw ewe's milk. International Symposium on Animal Science (ISAS) 2017. 05th - 10th June 2017, Herceg Novi, Montenegro. 211-219.

POPOVIĆ-VRANJEŠ, A. – PASKAŠ, S. – BECSKEI, Z. – JEVTIĆ, M. – KRSTOVIĆ, S. (2018): The impact of organic agriculture on biodiversity conservation and milk quality for traditional cheese production. Contemporary Agriculture 67 (1), 58-64. https://doi.org/10.2478/contagri-2018-0009

RAHIMI, J. – KHOSROWSHAHI, A. – MORADI, M.M. – MOHAMADI, H. – ABBASI, H. – MADADLOU, A. (2013): Texture and chemistry of Iranian white cheese as influenced by brine treatments. Journal of Food Processing and Technology 4:4. https://doi.org/10.4172/2157-7110.1000219

RAYNAL-LJUTOVAC, K. – PIRISI, A. – de CREMOUX, R.C. – GONZALO.C. (2007): Somatic cells of goat and sheep milk: Analytical, sanitary, productive and technological aspects Small Ruminant Research 68, 126–144. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2006.09.012 x

SAVIĆ, Ž. – RADOVIĆ, B. – MILENKOVIĆ, M. – LALIĆ, N. (2014): Kvalitet mleka i osobine surutke dobijene pri proizvodnji Sjeničkog sira u industrijskim uslovima. XIX SAVETOVANJE O BIOTEHNOLOGIJI” Zbornikradova, 19 (21).

SAVIĆ, M. – POPOVIĆ-VRANJEŠ A. – VUČKOVIĆ, S. – BECSKEI, Zs. – RELIĆ, R. – DIMITRIJEVIĆ, B. – TRAILOVIĆ, R. – PRODANOVIĆ, S. – DIMITRIJEVIĆ, V. (2017): Importance of Sjenica Zackel sheep for sustainable development at Sjenica Pester plateau. International Symposium on Animal Science (ISAS) 2017. 05th - 10th June 2017, Herceg Novi, Montenegro. 115-121.

SERBIAN REGULATION (2014): Ordinance on quality of dairy products and starter cultures. Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No. 34/2014

SOBRINO, J. L. – COLADO, P.M.J. – SIGLER, G.I.A. – MARÍN, M.L.A. – SÁNCHEZ, N.N. – ASENSIO, R.J. – PALOMARES, P.G.D.M. – SÁNCHEZ, A.R. (2018) Composition and colour indices of sheep’s bulk-tank milk are influenced by production practices, Italian Journal of Animal Science 17:2, 477-488, https://doi.org/10.1080/1828051X.2017.1383860

TONAMO, A. – KOMLÓSI, I. – VARGA, L. – CZEGLÉDI, L. – PELES, F. (2020): Bacteriological Quality of Raw Ovine Milk from Different Sheep Farms. Animals 10,1163. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10071163

Scientific papers