A beszédindulás késésének hatása a beszédfeldolgozásra

  • Mária Gósy MTA Nyelvtudományi Intézet
  • Dorottya Gyarmathy MTA Nyelvtudományi Intézet


Late language emergence is diagnosed when language development trajectories are below age expectations with no diagnosed disabilities or developmental delays in other cognitive or motor domains. Some children with late talking onset are reported to show normalrange receptive language abilities while others have various impairments in receptive language skills. The question arises whether the onset of language emergence influences children’s receptive skills assessed at the age of 6. The aim of this study was to investigate the receptive skills of two groups of Hungarianspeaking preschool children whose language onset was either at the age of 3 or at the age of 4. Twenty children with a history of language onset at 3 years and another twenty children with a history of language onset at 4 years were examined. Their receptive skills were compared to a group of twenty typically developing children matched on age, articulation, and  socioeconomic status. For assessment, six subtests (three types of sentence repetition, comprehension) of the Hungarian GMP testpackage were used in individual sessions.

As expected, group means for children with language onset at 4 were significantly below those for children with language onset at 3. Both groups underperformed significantly as compared to the typically developing children’s performance. The results confirm that children with late language onset have serious impairments in morphophonological processing and text comprehension, foreboding difficulties in learning to read and write. nonword repetition, speech sound discrimination, text