A daktiloszkópiai nyomkutatás modern módszerei II. – A vegyi módszerek

Kulcsszavak: daktiloszkópia, látens nyomok, vegyszeres nyomkutatás, aminosav-reagensek

Absztrakt

Cél: A kétrészes tanulmány második fele bemutatja a daktiloszkópiai nyomkutatási módszerek közül a vegyi nyomkutatás eszközeit és eljárásait, azok csoportosítását, rövid történetét, fejlődésének tendenciáit.
Módszertan: A dolgozat az utóbbi évtizedben megjelent legjelentősebb külföldi szakkönyvek, illetve több tucat szakcikk feldolgozásával azok szintézisét végzi el. Megjelennek benne a szerző korábban publikált saját kutatási eredményei is.
Megállapítások: Az úgynevezett vegyi nyomkutató módszerek mind a mai napig töretlenül fejlődnek. Az aminosav-reagensek az ötvenes évek óta fejlődnek, néhány vegyszer nem állta ki az idők próbáját, néhány pedig a mai napig széles körben alkalmazásra kerül. Az ezüstnitrát eredeti formájában meghaladottá vált, de a belőle kifejlődött PD elterjedt, az abból kifejlődött MMD és SMD módszerek pedig ígéretesek. Az elektrokémiai módszerek többsége egyelőre csak kísérleti stádiumban van.
Érték: A hazai szakirodalomban ilyen alapos áttekintés régóta nem született a témában.

Hivatkozások

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Megjelent
2023-07-10
Hogyan kell idézni
Petrétei D. (2023). A daktiloszkópiai nyomkutatás modern módszerei II. – A vegyi módszerek. Belügyi Szemle , 71(7), 1169-1182. https://doi.org/10.38146/BSZ.2023.7.2
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