A Váradi Biblia címlapvariánsai

  • Judit Ecsedy Országos Széchényi Könyvtár
  • Réka Bányai Marosvásárhely, Teleki-Bolyai Könyvtár
Kulcsszavak: 17th century, Váradi Biblia, Tótfalusi Kis Miklós, Szenci Kertész Ábrahám, printing, Várad (Oradea, Románia), Kolozsvár (Cluj-Napoca, Románia)


The title-page variants of Váradi Biblia (Várad Bible)

Recently the authors, Réka Bányai (Marosvásárhely/Târgu Mureş, Teleki–Bolyai Könyvtár) and Judit V. Ecsedy (National Széchényi Library, Budapest) have noticed that of the numerous extant copies of the Calvinist Váradi Biblia there are some which bear a title-page other than the original. The printing of the Váradi Biblia was started by Ábrahám Szenci Kertész in Várad 1660 and finished in 1661 Kolozsvár, because of the Osman occupation of Várad. In the majority of the copies checked the original title-page can be found, however the authors could identify five variant title-pages preserved in different, mostly in East-Hungarian or Transylvanian libraries. Each of these title-page variants try to copy the original, however, a more thorough investigation reveals that neither their ortography nor their typographical characteristics are the same – each
are different, differring also from one another. According to the authors tha place of printing is Nagyszeben in two cases and Kolozsvár in three cases, but the printing workshop is always that of Ábrahám Szenci Kertész, or its successor the Typograhy of the Calvinist Church in Kolozsvár in the course of the 18th century. According to their typographical characteristics they are ranging between 1665 and 1755 – some of the title-pages are printed with the types cut by Miklós Tótfalusi Kis which were present in Kolozsvár from 1693 on. The question arises why this great number of title-page variants were printed prosteriorly.