Geographical approach of Industry 4.0 based on information and communication technologies at Hungarian enterprises in connection with industrial space

  • Éva Kiss Geographical Institute, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Budapest, Hungary ; University of Sopron, Alexandre Lamfalussy Faculty of Economics, Sopron, Hungary
  • Erzsébet Nedelka University of Sopron, Alexandre Lamfalussy Faculty of Economics, Sopron, Hungary
Keywords: Industry 4.0, fourth industrial revolution, ICT, industry, enterprise, spatial pattern, hungary


In the short history of Hungarian industry there were relevant changes several times, which had a great impact not only on industrial production and employment, but also on the spatial pattern of industry. After the regime change and latest economic crisis Industry 4.0 or/and the fourth industrial revolution mean(s) newer challenge. Due to information and communication technologies (ICT), which can be considered the basis of Industry 4.0 radical changes can be expected in all fields of life and numerous questions will emerge. The primary aim of this paper is to reveal the geography of older and newer information and communication technologies and their relationship with the spatial pattern of Hungarian industry. The main question is whether the digital divide follows the industrial divide in the Hungarian economic space or not. According to the analysis based on different ICT and industrial indicators, there is no close correlation between the digital and industrial spaces. The geography of Industry 4.0 is characterised by a sharp north-south division.


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How to Cite
Kiss Éva, & NedelkaE. (2020). Geographical approach of Industry 4.0 based on information and communication technologies at Hungarian enterprises in connection with industrial space. Hungarian Geographical Bulletin, 69(2), 99-117.
The fourth industrial revolution in economic geographical approach