Geomorphological analysis of Tinto-B Vallis on Mars
This work analysis an 81 km long 1.85 km wide fluvial valley on Mars (at 2°55’ South and 111°53’ East) for the first time, located near to the so-called Palos carter and Tinto Vallis, called Tinto-B hereafter. The length of the valley is approximately 81 km, and the average width is ~1.85 km, depth ~250 m. The hypsometric curves were created in 5 different buffer sizes on the main valley and the biggest tributary valley. The tributary valley shows a youth stage in the geomorphological evolution opposite to the main valley, which shows a mature stage. The crater statistical analysis based age of the main valley (2.9 Ga) poorly correlates with the early wet period of the red planet, thus, formed somehow later than most Martian valleys. Using the model SIMWE (SIMulated Water Erosion), for the to identify the small-scaled tributary valley systems and the small-scaled erosional landforms showed area elevated drainage density. The highest density of the tributary sections is 29.02 km/km2 , and the average is 3.09 km/km2. Considering only the main valley 0.017 km/km2 would have been measured, suggesting dozen(s) early tributaries were heavily eroded.
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